The ethnographic design requires investigation strategies that lead to the reconstruction culture. Contact information is here: Douglas Oberhelman. Consequently, Goetz and LeCompte (op cit) raise first of all, that strategies used in the ethnographic investigation provide fenomenolgicos data; these represent the conception of the world of the participants who are being investigated, so that their constructos are used to structure the investigation. Secondly, they contemplate that the investigation strategies are empirical and naturalists. From which one resorts to the participant and nonparticipant observation to collect empirical data in direct form of the phenomena, and thirdly to have the ethnographic investigation a character holista, it tries to construct descriptions of global phenomena in his diverse contexts and to determine, from them, the complex connections that affect to the behavior and the beliefs in relation to these phenomena. The social scientists focus the reality they explain and it of different ways, following his assumptions about which it is a legitimate perspective on both, (Goetz and LeCompte, 1988). A form to conceptuar these assumptions is to fit them in four dimensions, these are: the dimension inductive-deductive, subjective – objective, generative-verificative and constructive-enumerativa. Generally, the ethnographic investigation comes near to the ends generative, inductive, constructive and subjective of these four continuous ones.

These four dimensions sustain the ontological, epistemologic and methodologic approach of the ethnographic investigation and are shared and assumed throughout this investigation, from the interpretative perspective. Next, a brief description of the same appears: Inductive dimension, begins with the collection of data, by means of empirical observations or theoretical mediations of some categories and proposals, that is to say, to traverse of the investigation of the similar and different phenomena that they have been interpreted, it develops an explanatory theory; Generative dimension, concentrates in the discovery of constructos and proposals from one or more data bases or sources of evidence, (Glaser and Strauss, 1967). Dimension constructive, it is oriented to the discovery of the constructos or categories that can be observed from continuous the behavioural one, it is an abstraction process in which the analysis units reveal in the course of the observation and the description; Subjective dimension, finally the ethnographic investigator whom it describes you rule cultural and of behavior as they are perceived by the investigated group, it uses strategies to obtain and to interpret the facts of subjective type, its intention is to reconstruct the specific categories that the participants use in the planning of their own experiences and in its conception of the world.