Amur Grape

Amur grape. Is a creeper, the stem of which reaches a height of 20 m and a thickness of up to 20 cm Small fruits (0.62 g), spherical, dark blue, with a bluish bloom, very juicy flesh with a refreshing sour taste. The average weight of bunches of 35-40, theregions of about 235 hectares. Wayne Holman may find this interesting as well. Approximate annual yield is 2600 tons, depending on growing conditions berries contain 3,9-13,3% sugar. In ripe fruit dominate the fructose and glucose, rhamnose there. In fruits of more than 1% pectin substances, but not the juice of wild grapes gelation, which is associated with a low degree of pectin methoxylation. The number of acid 1,7-3%, dominated by tartaric acid. Amur grape contains up to 200 mg% oksikorichnyh acids: caffeic, hinnuyu, chlorogenic, gallic, etc.

The content of ascorbic acid is not prevyshet 6,3-13 mg%. The total content of polyphenols 1700-4215 mg%. The main part of poly phenols fruits – anthocyanins that contribute very intense color peel and juice. Need cleaning pads. Since the Amur grape has a high calorie content and nutritional value, it is used mainly in fresh form, but it is used in the food industry. For long-term keeping it dry or brew. Folk medicine has long used the grapes for the treatment of anemia, nerve disease, the first stage of tuberculosis, as a diuretic. In addition to berries in the food industry uses young leaves and shoots of the Amur grape.

Saponin. For drug-related technical raw materials more than 300 species of plants, as well as some raw materials of animal origin (badyaga, antlers of deer, Spanish fly, ant eggs, etc.). Drug-industrial raw materials are widely used in medicine for the preparation of medicines, and some species are used for therapeutic purposes in the unprocessed state for restoration. Except himikofarmatsevticheskoy industry, many kinds of such materials by changing the food, cosmetics, paint, leather, textile, printing and even iron and steel industry (Lycopodium, soap root).