The freedom and the contact with the nature provided to the former-slaves the expression of its capacity of organization, and the development of the characteristic education and culture to the black population. Amongst the customs developed for the peoples quilombolas it can be detached: the agriculture of subsistence, the dance, the capoeira and some happened rites of the African roots. It was still in this context that these blacks if had appropriated of the verbal stories to repass it of its history; had assayed the work in team, when of the mutires carried through for the construction of its dwellings. Today, several public politics have been implemented with sights to the inclusion, guarantee of the rights and preservation of the culture of this people. As the procedures for the regulation, recognition, identification, delimitation, landmark and titulao of its lands.

Had quilombolas has until good little time to live of isolated form the peoples still survives, in its majority of familiar agriculture or of subsistence and in accordance with the magazine, Jump for the future (2007, P. 03): (…) they search to surpass the practical one of the subsistence culture and believe the possibility to survive respecting the customs of the past and the values ancestral, looking strategies of sustainable development, in the perspective of guarantee of worthy life. Beyond the politics for landmark and ownership of the land one implemented politics in the area of the education, culture, inclusion and respect to the alteridade. We cite as example Law 10,639/03, that exception the importance of if preserving history, the knowledge and the way where the remainders of quilombos live. By means of the displayed one it is questioned: which the perception of the school quilombola for the ambient education and as is being made the view of the cultural knowledge, action and stimulatons for the preservation of the environment? GENERAL OBJECTIVE The objective research to investigate which the perception of the schools of basic education of the Bar of the Aroeira for the ambient education, to repass of the cultural knowledge, action and stimulaton for the preservation of the environment.